Thursday 9 October 2014

Lessons from China and the Social Gospel: The Canada China Programme's Fort Qu'Appelle Conference, 1979

Critics would at times assail the Canada China Programme as too close to the official government-approved Protestant church, the China Christian Council. CCP staff and board members, for their part, located their work in the Canadian social gospel tradition: a link they tried to make explicit with a conference on the social gospel on the Canadian prairies and the challenge of China for Canadian Christians held in 1979 in Fort Qu'Appelle, Saskatchewan. The 80-person gathering, funded by the Canadian International Development Agency and church donors, portrayed “a church challenged by the Chinese revolution and the protests in Canadian society” and struck a note of repentance in focusing on areas where the church, organizers thought, had been a barrier to change: the social gospel on the Canadian prairies and the quest for social justice in China, held back too often by missionary strictures. This post reproduces Elizabeth Smillie, “Lessons from China and the Social Gospel,” Catholic New Times, 1 July 1979.

Wednesday 7 May 2014

CCP China & Ourselves 18.4

This issue opens with a transcription of a speech given by Bishop KH Ting at the Spring Festival Tea Party for Religious Leaders (hosted by Li Ruihuan in Beijing) on January 29th, 1994. It also transcribes the regulations for religious activities of foreigners with borders of the PRC, regulations of managing premises for religious activities. Regarding changes and developments in religious policy, it features a text by Jian Woo, titled “Is the Cup Half or Half Empty?” The CCP then makes a statement on solidarity with Christians in China and excerpts the statement on human right in China (1993) made by the Canada Asia Working Group.

CCP China & Ourselves 18.2-3

In this issue, the editor begins with a tribute in memory of Dr. Katharine Boehner Hockin, highlighting her life and work in China, and provides some short news updates on China and the CCP. In honour of Hockin, two pieces of hers are excerpted: “Servants of God in People’s China” (1962) and “Some Random Missiological Musing” (1983).  It then features reflections on the life and witness of Dr. Hockin from Church officials in China (Nanjing Theological Seminary, Theresa Chu in Shanghai) and Canada (family and colleagues). It then provides a review by Siu May Kuo on a biography on the life of Dr. Hockin by May Rose Donnelly and Heather Dau. The issue proceeds with a text introducing Bishop Shen Yifan, including his education, work and publications. It features an extensive paper by Bishop Shen, titled “Religious Liberty: A Chinese Perspective.” It contains an extensive report by Cao Shen-jie (first published in 1985) on the process of editing a new Chinese hymnal, which is part of the self-propagating mission of the Chinese church. A report is given of a visit of a delegation of six members of the China Christian Council from May 17th to June 21st. The issue concludes with a series of news vignettes for the Catholic Church in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 18.1

This issue opens with a report on Protestant Christianity in China, surveying its history in the twentieth century and the work of the Three-Self Movement. It features a report on the Nanjing Theological Seminary, highlighting the levels of training, the syllabus, and enrolment; this report is followed by a glossary of terms pertinent to the Chinese Christian Church. It contains a summary and update on the activities and projects of the Amity Foundation, especially its development work and focus on Christian education. An update for the Canada China Programme for the year 1993 is also provided, setting out the challenges expected for the 1990s. 

CCP China & Ourselves 17.4

This issue opens with the editor’s comments on the “Christ and Culture: A Sino-American Dialogue” at Columbia Theological Seminary. It features an extensive report on the conference by Philip L. Wickeri, titled “Making Connections: Christianity and Culture in the Sino-American Dialogue,” touching on the American Christian understandings of China and the role of the session in opening dialogue. It also provides short news vignettes on religious events and developments in China, organized by Protestant and Catholic. It concludes with reviews of several recent publications on China and the Chinese Church.

CCP China & Ourselves 17.3

In this issue, the CCP reports on the Bishops’ Conference of the Catholic Church in China, focusing on an announcement by its president for a new open Church. It reports on the training of lay leaders in China to form parish administrative councils and provides a report of a trip to China by Theresa Chu. It contains news and reflections from students of Zhong Wan Seminary, Wuhan, who visited Canada in the summer of 1992, written by Rev. Ge Baojuan. It also features an introduction of Ms. Gao Shi-ning (a sociologist of religion by Dean Chen Zemin (Nanjing Theological Seminary). It concludes with an interview conducted by Tan Liying (Assistant to the General Secretary of the Amity Foundation) with Dr. Wenzao Han (General Secretary of the Amity Foundation, Executive Vice-President of the China Christian Council).

CCP China & Ourselves 17.2

This issue features the complete resolution on Church order for trial use in Chinese Churches, passed by the Standing Committee of the Chinese Christian Three-Self Patriotic Movement and the China Christian Council. It contains resolutions on the organization and management of churches, including meeting points. It features a text by Li Baoluo, titled “How I Organise a Blackboard Newspaper,” on his initiative to help preach the Gospel to literate people who do not want to hear a complete sermon. It provides a series of vignettes on Protestant and Catholic news in China, as well as general news and publications.

CCP China & Ourselves 17.1

In the editor’s note for this issue, the events and conclusions of the national China Christian Conference in Beijing in January. It transcribes sermons by Wan Weifan, titled “The Lord of Sorrows,” and Gao Ying called “Love and Reconciliation.” It contain a French report by Lucien Casterman (OMI) on the progression of the Church in China, titled “L’Église de Chine: une Église vivante – une Église souffrante.” The issue concludes with a retrospective on the life and work of Rev. Florence Li Tin Oi, the first woman ordained in the Anglican Communion, who passed away in February in Toronto.

CCP China & Ourselves 16.4

In this issue, the editor’s note discusses the refusal of the western media to report on the positive development in China, which impedes true understanding of the challenges faced by the people of China. It contains a report, titled “China in Transition: New Roles for Christians in the 1990s,” which provides an overview of the changes in China of all sectors, including its relationship with the United Nations, economic reforms and the end of the iron ricebowl, and its cultural developments. This report comprises the whole of the issue.

CCP China & Ourselves 16.3

In this issue, the editor opens with remarks on the devastating floods in eastern and central China, which has been ignored by western media and international assistance organizations. This is followed by a report by Gotthard Oblau, titled “Floods Strike the Lowest in Society.” It contains an analysis of Church growth in Southern Zhejiang by Charlie Wilson, highlighting the successful evangelism and church re-openings of the Protestant church there. It features a text by Aloysius B. Chang (sj), analyzing the principles and activities of the Bridge Church. It contains a brief report on the production and distribution of liturgical texts for the Catholic Church in China. It provides a report by Doug Allen, touching on the place of regions and its growth and advancement in China. It concludes by transcribing the Beijing Ministerial Declaration on Environment and Development.

CCP China & Ourselves 16.2

This issue opens with a few notes from the editor, touching on the impending return of Hong Kong to Chinese hands and the implications of that event for China. It contains a report by Ting Yenren, titled “Amity Learns from the Filipinos,” in which an account of the trip of an Amity delegation to the Philippines is given. It features an extensive report by Georg Evers on the Catholic Church in China, emphasizing the tensions between the “official” Church and the “clandestine” Church. It transcribes the presentation of the Reverend Florence Li Tin Oi at the Trinity College Convocation (May 14th, 1991), by Cyril Powles, Emeritus Professor, and a report of the ordination in Nanjing by Philip Wickeri. It concludes with a review by K. Hockin of Siu May Kuo’s book Journeying Through the Bible.

CCP China & Ourselves 16.1

This issue opens with a note on the rejoining of Chinese Christians to the World Council of Churches, a decision made at the Seventh Assembly of the WCC in Canberra, Australia, in February 1991. It transcribes a speech by KH Ting on the recent admission of the China Christian Council to the World Council of Churches, which he sees as an acknowledgement of Chinese Christian selfhood. It contains brief report and description of the China Christian Council and a report on Amity English teachers in China by Lois A. Cole and Diane J. Allen. It provides part II of KH Ting’s “What We Can Learn from Y.T. Wu Today,” continuing from the previous issue. A French report on the Projet Canada-Chine is provided for the years 1988 to 1991. It concludes with a review of China Briefing 1990, edited by Anthony J. Kane, a collection of articles prepared by the China Council of the Asia Society in New York.

CCP China & Ourselves 15.4

In this issue, Theresa Chu begins by reporting on a trip she took to China from October to November, with Lucien Casterman, Fleurette Lagace, Cynthia McLean, and Ray O’Toole. It contain a brief report on 1991 Amity calendars and an interview with Sister Xu Yaying and Sister Qiu Huamei, who were visiting Canada at the time. It transcribes an extensive article by KH Ting, originally published in the International Bulletin of Missionary Research in October 1990, titled “What We Can Learn from Y.T. Wu Today,” reflecting on the future of the Chinese Church.

CCP China & Ourselves 15.3

In this issue, the editor begins with comments on major developments in China, including the 10 day census and the continuing creation of infrastructure for flood control. It also features an interview conducted by students of the Nanjing Seminary of KH Ting, evaluating the work of the church in China and the Three-Self Movement. It contains a reflection based on the thoughts of Ruth Hayhoe (head of Cultural Affairs, Canadian embassy in Beijing) on people-to-people exchange programs and Sunday worship. Theresa Chu provides an update on the Catholic Church in China, especially highlighting the tensions in Vatican-China relations that seem to be improving. It contains an update on the treatment of religion by the Chinese media and a report by Jin Yang on his experience in North America.

CCP China & Ourselves 15.2

This issue begins with an extensive analysis by Dan Heap, MP, titled “What About China Now?” (May 1990), which addresses the political and economic concerns surrounding China since the Tiananmen massacre. It also features a report by Theresa Chu called “Mixed Signals on Religion in China,” examining the tension between the rumors of tightening control and improvements on religious freedom. A continuance of the report on theological centres from the previous issue is provided. Bernard Embree reports on his trip to Kunming, Yunnan as China Liaison for the Presbyterian Church in Canada. It also includes a trip report by Marilyn Grav on her time in China while working for the Amity Foundation.

CCP China & Ourselves 15.1

This issue opens with an extensive analysis of the situation in China by Theresa Chu, addressing the expressions of concern from the readership and touching on the stance of the Chinese Church. A report of the theological centres of China is also provided. An update is also given on the activities and projects of the Amity Foundation, including a personal message from Kuo Siu May. In “Chinese Christianity Since 1949: A Review Article,” Cyril Powles reviews various recent books published by members of the CCP on the subject of China, comparing and contrasting the subject matter and opinions presented.

CCP China & Ourselves 14.4

In this issue, Theresa Chu follows up on the atmosphere in China since the student protests in a report, titled “China after June 4th: A Bird’s Eye-View,” highlighting population growth and economic developments. It contains an interview with KH Ting, discussing the stance of the Chinese Church in light of the student protests and the events of June 4th. It provides a report by Bernard Embree on the training of church workers in China, titled “Protestant: Theological Education in China.” The issue also provides statistics regarding Protestant churches in China (re-openings, membership, etc.) and a report on the establishment of a fund for theological education. It also contains a review by K. Hockin of Siu May Kuo’s book Venturing Into the Bible. It also features a report of the visit of Ms. Wang Juzhen to Canada and a report by Raymond Whitehead, titled “Reflections on the Edinburgh Meeting, Enlarged Planning Committee.”

CCP China & Ourselves 14.3

This issue opens as Theresa Chu asks the question: Have we been too naïve about China? The issue attempts to answer that question in light of recent developments that motivated the students to go Tiananmen Square. It features an interview conducted by Glen Davis (board member of the CCP) of Theresa Chu, in which she relates her observations from a trip to China in August. It reports on recent events in China, in a feature titled “What has Been Happening in China Since June 4th,” exploring the launch of three campaigns to reform government corruption and administration. The Amity Foundation receives some attention, especially its printing company, and an interview with Gu Renfa, an Amity official in Nanjing, on the progress of the project is transcribed. It also contains a report, titled “Why Chinese Christians did not Attend Lausanne II,” addressing the absence of a Chinese delegation. It concludes with a short section on Chinese news.

CCP China & Ourselves 14.2

In this issue, Theresa Chu reports on a trip to China and illuminates the students’ protest movement, providing the background information and a detailed chronology for the conflict. It draws on sources to provide a descriptive account of the protests and analysis of the events. It features a report of recent honours accorded to Bishop KH Ting and his wife Kuo Siu May by Victoria University. The convocation address at Emmanuel College (Victoria University) delivered by KH Ting on May 11, 1989, is transcribed. The issue concludes with a short section of general news and developments in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 57

This issue begins with an extensive statement by KH Ting and Wang Weifan on recent development in the study of religion in China. It also features a report on theological education in the PRC for the Foundation for Theological Education in South East Asia, based on the observations of Dr. Ching-fen Hsiao and Dr. Marvin D. Hoff from consultations with Janice and Philip Wickeri, and Bishops Peter Kwong and KH Ting. It concludes with an analysis of the Edinburgh ’89 Conference, named “Living the Gospel in Society: An International Dialogue with Chinese Christians,” which took place from September 20th to 27th, 1989.

CCP China & Ourselves 56

This issue contains a report by Theresa Chu, titled “The Search Goes On,” analyzing the economic and political reforms and changes that have taken place in China. It features a report taken from an issue of Tian Feng by Han Bide on the churches in the provinces of Guangzhou and Fujian. The report “A Mission in Rural Henan by Rev. Deng Fucun, deals with the problems in the shortage of clergy in a province where the number of Christians is increasing. It contains “China through the “Old Well”’ by Stephen Ting Yenren (educational consultant for the Amity Foundation), recounting his experiences and observations of China and its people. Within this issue, there is also a collection of special releases, including a report on the first contact with the Democractic People’s Republic of Korea and an interview with Bishop KH Ting. The issue concludes with an update on the activities and work of the CCP.

CCP China & Ourselves 55

In this issue, Theresa Chu interviews Bishop Jin Luxian during his stay in New Jersey, regarding developments and conferences attended by delegates of the Chinese Church. It also contains an interview with Father Joseph Chen Yuntang, recently released from prison, touching on his present work, Sino-Vatican relation, religious policy and more. A sermon by KH Ting at the recent consecration of bishops in China is transcribed, titled “Taking a New Day.” It features another interview with Shen Yifan (senior pastor of the Community Church in Shanghai, vice-president of the China Christian Council), highlight theological developments in the Church in China. Another interview with Wang Weifan (teacher at Nanjing Theological seminary, editor of the Nanjing Theological Review) is also featured.  It contains a report on Amity project for 1988 and 1989. An interview of Terre Flower with Jin Shenzeng and Wang Tongfu of the Shanghai International Studies University is transcribed. It concludes with short reports on the awarding of an honorary degree to KH Ting and the visit of the Chinese YMCA delegation in Canada.

CCP China & Ourselves 54

The issues opens with a note from Theresa Chu on the work of the CCP, in which she includes a letter she received from Jiang Peifen (April 1988). It contains a timeline exploring the easing of relations between mainland China and Taiwan, based on reports from Tian Feng and China Daily. Following this, CCP director Theresa Chu reports on the development and change of the mandate of the Canada China Programme. The issue also features an interview with KH Ting conducted by Elizabeth J. Larson (of the Midwest China Centre), on the occasion of his reception of an honorary degree from St. Olaf College. A section of China updates gives news vignettes on recent developments in the Church and religious organizations. It provides various personal tributes in honor of Bishop Zhang Jiashu and a report by Marie-Jeanne Coleman on her experience of visiting Protestant seminaries in China. The issue concludes with a list of resources for studying the Church in China.

Tuesday 6 May 2014

CCP China & Ourselves 53

This issue begins with an extensive trip report by Theresa Chu, highlighting visits to Catholic and Protestant churches.  It features an extensive report by Philip L. Wickeri, titled “Development Service and China’s Modernization: The Amity Foundation in Theological Perspective,” highlighting its work in health, education, and social welfare. This is followed by an official update on the Amity Foundation. In “A Reunion after Forty Years,” Norman Mackenzie gives an account of a return trip of former missionaries to the areas in China where they had worked. It contains a text by Bernard Embree (China Area Secretary for the Presbyterian Church in Canada) on the production and distribution of Bibles in China called “Yes, They Have Bibles in China!” The issue concludes with a few news reports on religious affairs in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 52

In this issue, a speech given by Han Wenzao at the joint executive meeting of the National Committees of the Chinese Protestant Three-Self Movement and the China Christian Council, titled “China has Friends all Over the World: Her Enemies Work to no Avail.” It then features a conversion with Jose Chipenda, the General Secretary of the All-Africa Council of Churches (October 1987), discussing the visit of a delegation to China. An interview of KH Ting by Rev. Ewing W. Carroll is also provided, touching on the growth of the Church in China (especially Protestant growth). Letters from Amity Teachers on their experiences in China and their work in schools is also transcribed, as well as a report by Suzie Evans on her time in China, titled “Antique Air: China, Its Smell, Its Touch.” The issue also transcribes a report of “The Federation of Canada-China Friendship Associations Sponsors English and French Seminars in China in 1988.” The issue concludes with a report by Zhang Lingguang (Hangzhou Christian Church) on the ways in which Chinese Christians celebrate Christmas.

Monday 5 May 2014

CCP China & Ourselves 51

In this issue, Theresa Chu reports on a visit to Canada in May and June of the Catholic Friendship Delegation, at the invitation of Amitié Chine. It includes a report on development projects in Jiangsu, an update on a Canadian theological study tour, and a trip report by Jo Ann Stark (Emmanuel College) who spent three weeks in China. Wendy Fletcher of Huron College addresses the basic assumptions about the treatment of Christianity in China that are challenged upon actually visiting China and its churches. Then, it provides a text by Nancy Whitla (Trinity College) on women in China, noting the real reformation of the treatment of women in society lags behind the professions for reform made by the government. It also features a report by Rod Downing (Vancouver School of Theology), titled “Underground, Unconnected or Unfounded: Is There Another Church in China?” It contains a summary by Inez Flemington of the year she spent in China as an Amity Teacher. A statement made by KH Ting on Kairos Radio is excerpted and the issue concludes with political developments in China and the Amity Foundation 1988 Calendar.

CCP China & Ourselves 50

In this issue, a sermon by Zhang Jinglong, under the title “The Holy Spirit: Our Water of Life, Source and Power of Light and Harmony.” An interview of KH Ting by Rev. Ewing W. Carroll Jr. (director of the United Methodist Church China Program) is included, focusing on the situation of the Church in China and Hong Kong. It also features an article by Zhang Yali, dealing with the mandate and work of the All-China Women’s Federation (ACWF). It contains a report on the meeting of the 7th Session of the 6th National People’s Congress, which supervises government administrative and economic work. The issue closes with various excerpts on development and events in China, regarding religion, economics and politics.

CCP China & Ourselves 49

This issue begins with an analysis by Philip Wickeri on Chinese intellectuals and humanism, arguing that there have been significant intellectual developments in China since its new policy of openness. It features a report by Theresa Chu, titled “The Interconnection between Religion and Society: An Example from Taoism.” Regarding the CCP’s support of teaching initiatives in China, excerpts of letters from an Amity teacher, the vice-president of the Nanjing Institute of Meteorology are provided. It includes a report on the overseas’ relations of Amity, taken from its newsletter, and a report by Margaret Allen on the Amity Teachers Mid-Year Conference. An update on the activities of the CC is given, highlighting study tours, theological internships, and its support of Amity Teachers. It concludes with a brief on recent student demonstrations in various urban centres of China.

CCP China & Ourselves 48

This issue opens with a report by Theresa Chu on the Christian community in North Jiangsu who spent five months in China visiting various communities of Christians. The report examines the life and practices of the community, including interviews with Church leaders and the laity. The issue also contains an analysis of the Fourth Chinese National Christian Conference, based on a description by Philip Wickeri. It provides an examination of the churches of Hong Kong through the eyes of Xu Zhiqong, a Chinese visitor from the mainland. A report is given on the work of the Amity Foundation to send English teachers to China, an endeavour supported by the Canada China Programme. News reports are given on religious and economic developments in China. It concludes with a report on the recent turn to contracted work in state-run enterprises, denying people lifetime employment and security.

CCP China & Ourselves 46 and 47

This special double issue focuses on two trips to China that the CCP aided in organizing in May for members of the Ecumenical Association of Third World Theologians and the CCP delegation to the Nanjing ’86 conference. First, Theresa Chu reports on the visit of Third World theologians to China and their experiences and observations while there. Attention then shifts to the Nanjing ’86 Conference, beginning a report and evaluation of the conference by Glen Davis (Presbyterian Church in Canada) that concludes with some recommendations for Nanjing. It also provides a text by KH Ting, titled “Christian Sharing Across National Boundaries: As a Chinese Christian Sees It,” in which he details his beliefs and understanding on international ecumenism. The Chinese view of the conference, from the perspective of several of its Chinese participants, is also considered in the issue. Reflections on the trip and conference are also given from Alfred Dumont (United Church of Canada), Laverne V Jacobs (Anglican Church of Canada), Patti Talbot (Presbyterian Church in Canada), and Lois Wilson (Ecumenical Forum of Canada). The issue also includes a report by Edith B. Shore (Canadian Council of Churches), titled “Women Hold Up Half the Sky,” which relates the experiences and challenges faced by women in China. The issue concludes with new reports on religious and domestic affairs in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 45

In this issue, the concerns and development of the Protestant Church in China is looked at in an in-depth manner. It begins with a report by Terre Flower, titled “Challenges in the Life of the Protestant Church,” examining the conditions of the local congregations, the Three-Self and post-denominational movements, and evangelism. It includes a retrospective in memoriam of Katharine Willmott, who served as an educational missionary in China. This issue has an extensive section of news on religious and domestic affairs, including a retrospective on the life of Ding Ling, vice-chair of the Chinese Writers Association and a standing member of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference National Committee. It also contain a report on areas of struggle and concern for Chinese women, especially focusing on the discrimination and harsh standards they face.

CCP China & Ourselves 44

This issue opens with a report by Terre Flower on Chinese theological internships in Canada, sponsored by the Canada-China Programme and another on the first graduating class of the Nanjing Theological Seminary. It features a sermon by Bishop KH Ting, titled “Passion-Search-Worship.” It contain an excerpt from the first issue of the Amity Foundation newsletter on its purpose, goals and project initiatives. The section of news vignettes on religious affairs in China is particularly long, concluding with a report by Terre Flower called “China and the Nuclear Arm’s Race.” It excerpts statements of Zhao Puchu and KH Ting from the Beijing Forum on Safeguarding World Peace initiated by the Chinese Association for International Understanding, in Beijing (June 4th-6th). Terre Flower also analyzes the status of women in China, examining statement of delegates at the United Nation’s End of the World Conference for the Review and Appraisal of the UN Decade for Women. The issue also provides a transcript of the speech by Chen Yun (economist, member of Standing Committee of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee) to the closing session of the CCP’s National Conference. It concludes with a special extensive report on the theological education of Protestants in China, including the syllabus, finances and theological education in a post-denominational Christianity. 

CCP China & Ourselves 43

Here, Michel Marcil (sj) discusses the interaction of Christians with Taoists, Buddhists, Muslims, and Lamaists, in “Meeting with People of Other Faiths.” The issue also features an analysis of the changing role of religion in the public sphere in China by Terre Flower, titled “New Thoughts from China about the Role of Religion in Society.” An update on the Amity Foundation, taken from its introductory brochure, is also provided. It also includes an extensive section of news vignettes on religious affairs in China, borrowed mostly from the China Daily newspaper, as well as some on domestic affairs.

CCP China & Ourselves 42

This issue (titled Responses to Modernization) opens with a statement summarizing a conversation of Philip Wickeri with KH Ting and Han Wenzao, titled “Religious Response on Contributions to China from Churches and Christians Overseas.” Philip Wickeri reports “”On Contributions to China from Churches and Christians Overseas”: An Interpretation.” K.B. Hockin writes on the theological contributions of the Chinese Church in “How China Nudges us into a Fresh Conception of What God Might Want us to Do for the Kingdom Today!” She also analyzes ecumenical relations with China in a piece titled “Relationship with the Chinese Christian Church: An Evolutionary Survey as Seen Through the Eyes of the Canada China Programme.” The issue concludes with an extensive section of vignettes regarding religious affairs in China. It also contains a report by Terre Flower on the existence of capitalist enterprises and factories in the PRC.

CCP China & Ourselves 41

In this special edition on the Chinese Protestant Church (on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the Three-Self Patriotic Committee), Terre Flower writes an analysis of the history of the Protestant Church, titled “A Chinese Protestant Church – 30 years after.” It also reports on a visit of Philip Porter, General Secretary of the World Council of Churches, and Ninan Koshy, director of the WCC Commission of the Churches on International Affairs, to China. It provides short vignettes on religious affairs, domestic affairs, business and economy, foreign affairs, and arts and science in China. 

CCP China & Ourselves 40

This article opens with a retrospective in memory of the life and work of Jiang Wenhan, Vice-President of the China Christian Council and Associate General Secretary of China’s Y.M.C.A. It features an interview conducted by Theresa Chu with Father Anthony Cheng and Miss Catherine Hung, advisors of the Hong Kong Catholic Youth Council. It contains an article from the Hong Kong Standard on the Joint Working Group established on Hong Kong’s future in China (from June 14th, 1984). Several articles are excerpted on the transition of Hong Kong and Ronald Reagan’s recent trip to China. Short vignettes on religious news and developments in China are provided. Janice Wickeri discusses the efforts to train the laity for pastoral care in their communities in “Lay Training Course in Zhejiang.” Vignettes are also given on the subject of foreign affairs and business and economy.

CCP China & Ourselves 39

In this issue, which focuses on the future of Hong Kong in China, Theresa Chu begins with an editoral, “From Hong Kong to Xianggang,” in which she discusses the anticipation of the return of Hong Kong to China and the different reactions to this development. It provides a commentary giving background on Hong Kong’s economic and political history from September, 1982, and a report on the significance of the return of Hong Kong in 1997. It also analyzes the attitude of China to Hong Kong, attempting to give a specifically Chinese perspective on the anticipation of 1997. It feature reports on the response of the Churches of China and Hong Kong on the future of Hong Kong by the U.S.P.G. Network, and the challenges from history faced by the Hong Kong Church. Articles also raise questions and concerns as to the representation of Hong Kong during its period of transition and concerns about the preservation of free speech. The issue concludes with short news reports.

CCP China & Ourselves 38

The issue begins with an interview with Li Guolin (teacher at the Department of Foreign Languages of Sichuan University) on his life in China and his impressions of Canada. It features an article from the Catholic Church in China (Dec. 1983) by Yuan Zhang, titled “On Priesthood: A Talk with Young People,” on the growth and future of the Chinese priesthood. It reports briefly on the publishing of a ‘post-denominational’ Chinese catechism. It includes a translation of the Tian Feng and Catholic Church in China tables of contents to give readers a sense of the content of the publication. In “A Conversation with Theological Interns,” a dialogue between Bridge and three interns from Guangzhou on seminary curriculum. It concludes with news reports on events in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 37

This issues begins with a report by Terry Carter titled, “Shenzhen Special Economic Zone: Foreign Money and Capitalist Techniques Serve China,” which the Canada-China Friendshi Associations’ delegates visited in 1983. It features a report from Tian Feng, “Random Thought on Random Thoughts (a discussion with Comrade Wang Ding)” by Gong Jiewen, replying to articles attacking religion from the Shanghai Journal, Shu Lin. Carter also reports on the development of China since the fall of the Gang of Four and the end of the Cultural Revolution in “Pollution and Purification.” It transcribes Gao Ying’s article in Tian Feng, titled “How to View Truth, Goodness, and Beauty Outside the Church.” The issue closes with news reports and vignettes on developments and events in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 36

This issue opens with a trip report by Theresa Chu on a visit to China from August 5th to September 8th. It also contains a report on “The Shanghai Community Church Spring Festival Retreat” by Rev. Peng Shengyong, originally published in Tian Feng (1983). Terry Carter reports on “Prosperity and Change in the Countryside,” which gives particular attention to the commune system. A report is also given on the Phoenix Combine, the movement of intellectuals to remote regions of China by the government, and another report by Terry Carter titled “Importing Sexism.” The issue concludes with short reports on developments and events in China and a list of audiovisual materials available from the CCP.

CCP China & Ourselves 35

This issue transcribes a sermon given by Zhao Fusan at the closing worship service of the meeting of the China Christian Council and the Three-Self Patriotic Movement (September 1982). It also features “Looking at the Jesuit Sentencing” by Raymond L. Whitehead, which discusses the arrest and sentencing of four Catholic priests in Shanghai. It also includes a look at the life and work of Rev. Florence Li Tim-oi, the first ordained woman priest of the Anglican worldwide communion and active participant in the Three-Self Patriotic Movement. It features an analysis of the economic change that has taken place and continues in China, and a short article on the 25th anniversaries of the Patriotic Association and the independent election and consecration of bishops. It contains a review by Dr. John Berthrong of Theresa Chu and Christopher Lind’s book on the Montreal Conference, A New Beginning. It again concludes with short reports on recent events in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 34

In this issue, Wang Zen writes “A Few Objections to the “Modern Bible”” (excerpted from Tian Feng, 1983), in which he discusses the quality and impropriety of disguised Bibles smuggled into China. It also includes an article by Terry Carter on the legacy of Bishop William C. White as a missionary and an art collector. The issue also transcribes an interview with KH Ting, Han Wenzao, and Phoebe Shi, taken from the Decemeber 1982 edition of the Hong Kong Christian Council newsletter (Xinxi). It also features “The Hong Kong Church: Looking Toward 1997,” based on a declaration of the Hong Kong Church as to how they perceive the future. It also contains an article on the “Five-Good Families” and their selection. A report is given of the Nanking Massacre (1937) Commemoration held by the Chinese Canadian National Council on December 12, at which Rev. James Endicott spoke. The issue concludes with questions and answers, and vignettes on events and developments in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 33

This issue begins with an interview with Theresa Chu on a recent visit of four Canadians to China at the invitation of the Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association. It also reports on the opening of a new Catholic seminary at Sheshan. The newsletter also contains the thoughts of CCP staff on the future status of Hong Kong in the PRC, following recent talks between Britain and China on this subject. It features the report “The Dongyang Incident: What Really Happened?,” relating to accusations that the Three-Self Movement had persecuted young Christians. The issue concludes with reports from newspapers on events in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 32

In this issue, the “rehabilitation" of Jim Endicott in the view of Canadian churches is examined, analyzing his views on Communism in China and his work there. It features the Resolution Relating to the Christian Churches in China rom the General Council meeting of the United Church of Canada, which expresses support. It transcribes an interview of Salamat Ali of the Far Eastern Economic Review with the Dalai Lama, discussing the situation in Tibet and includes excerpts of articles on China-Tibet relations. An interview with Ray Whitehead on his visit to China and his interactions with Chinese Christians and non-Christians is also given, titled “Ethics in Post-Mao China.” The issue also contains a letter of the editors of Tian Feng urging Christians to participate in the discussion of the draft of the revised constitution, especially article 35 on the freedom of religious belief. Reports on current events in China and Canada are excerpt at the end of the issue.

CCP China & Ourselves 31

This issue opens with the Draft Constitution of the Standing Committee of the Fifth National People’s Congress. It contains a retrospective on the life and work of Aloysius Zhan Jiashu, Bishop of Shanghai, on the occasion of his 90th birthday. It also features a report in memory of EH (Ted) Johnson by KH Ting, reflecting on his friendship and understanding towards the churches of China and Canada. It also contains Wang Xi’an’s text “Make Fast with Bonds of Peace the Unity which the Spirit Gives,” arguing the harmony of the churches in China with each other. It concludes with news vignettes on events and developments in China and Canada.

CCP China & Ourselves 30

This issue contains excerpts from the Amnesty International brief on Gong Pinmei, the former Catholic Bishop of Shanghai. It also features an interview with a Shanghai Catholic, who lives outside of China but related their experiences there. KH Ting writes about the Pope’s Manila Message to China, emphasizing the lack of understanding for the situation of the Chinese Church and the Vatican’s role therein. The CCP includes the report given by Theresa Chu at the Annual General Meeting of the Canada China Programme, highlighting communications, special projects, and ecumenical relationships. The issue features a new column that answers the questions of its readers regarding the situation of the Church in China and the work of the CCP. The issue again closes with excerpts of reports from newspapers on events in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 29

The issue opens with the statements of Archbishop of Caterbury, Robert Runcie, and Bishop KH Ting on the Archbishop’s visit to China from a press conference on January 9th. It also features “In a Garden Together – a Meeting Between Canadian and Chinese Colleagues” by Wen Ting and Tian Feng, which examines the development of the relationship between the Canadian and Chinese churches. “Aiding the Gospel Cause?” by Xing Wen and Tian Feng is also included, looking at the phenomenon of Bible smuggling in China from the West. It features the thoughts of Ray Whitehead on the life of EH Johnson who worked in China for many years. It also contains a report on Theresa Chu’s visit to the Shanghai Children’s Home for physically and mentally disabled children. The issue closes with reports and vignettes on events in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 28

This issue reports on the Montreal Conference “God’s Call to a New Beginning – an International Conference – Montreal, October 2-9, 1981,” written by Theresa Chu, emphasizing the themes, delegations and events. It also contains reflection on the conference by delegates, including Rev. Tissa Balasuriya (director of the Centre for Society and Religion, Sri Lanka), Ruth Sovik (Associate General Secretary, World YWCA, Switzerland), and Rose Chen (rscj, USA). It includes the second part of the trip report of the CCC in China, including what was presented at the CCP colloquy. It reports on the controversy that arose from Christopher Lind’s article on the Vatican in issues 25 and 26, containing full text from a letter from Father Hugh MacDougall (Scarboro Foreign Missionary Society) and Lind’s reply. The issue excerpts an account written by a Catholic of the Shanghai Diocese on their experience of the Sheshan pilgrimage. The issue closes with excerpts and reports on events in both China and Canada.

CCP China & Ourselves 27

In this issue, the newsletter begins by detailing the upcoming Montreal Conference and introducing the members of the Chinese delegation. Dr. Cyril Powers writes about the life and work of Chinese missionary James E. Walsh, whose imprisonment in China precipitated the rapprochement between the U.S. and the PRC. It contains a trip report of the Canadian Council of Churches to China, relating messages form the Chinese Church to Canadian Christians. It also features a briefing by Li Shoubao on the political and social situation in China, which he uses to illuminate issues relating to the Chinese Church. The issue concludes with excerpts of reports on events and developments in China and Canada.

CCP China & Ourselves 25 and 26

This special double issue begins with an article by Christopher J.L Lind titled “What does the Vatican Really Want?” (June 15th, 1981), in which he analyzes Vatican relations with China in light of the appointment of Deng Yiming to the bishopric. It also contains a review of John Fraser’s book The Chinese: Portrait of a People by Siu May Kuo Ting. It includes EH Johnson’s article “Reflecting on the Trial of the Gang of Four, which examines the implications for China going into the future. Theresa Chu reports on “Christianity in China Today,” in which she relates the experiences of Christians she has met in China and examines the life of institutional churches there. The issue also features Philip Wickeri of New World Outlook’s report, “Story a Chinese Evangelical” (December 1980), highlighting the life and work of Sister Jiang Peifen. It contains a report from Red Flag Magazine titled “Why Religious Freedom?” (May 5th, 1981), translated by Terry Carter. It provides another analysis by Theresa Chu, entitled “The Political Environment of the Chinese Church,” which explicates the current place of the church in the PRC. The issue closes with various excerpted reports on developments and events in China, both involving the Church and otherwise.

CCP China & Ourselves 24

In this issue, a report by Bishop KH Ting is included, titled “A Call for Clarity: Fourteen Points from Christians in People’s Republic of China to Christians Abroad.” He spotlights the New China, the policy of religious freedom, organizations in New China, religion and imperials, the Three-Self Principle, the unity of the Chinese Church, the work to be done, the responsibility of the church itself to evangelize, the activities of overseas Church groups, and many other points relevant to the state of the Church. It contains a follow-up interview between Oriana Fallaci and Deng Xiaoping, titled “Deng: A Third World War is Inevitable.” The Constitution of the China Christian Council is also transcribed and lists China’s Protestant leaders, organized by their membership on the Standing Committee of the China Christian Council. The issue concludes with short vignettes on current events and developments in China.

CCP China & Ourselves 23

This issue contains an open letter to all Catholic clergy and laity of China from the representatives of the Third Synod of the China Patriotic Catholic Association and the China Catholic Representative Conference (June 2nd, 1980), addressing recent developments in the Church and touches on recent conferences of Catholic clergy in China. The letter also announces the establishment of the National Administrative Commission of the Chinese Catholic Church and the Chinese Catholic Bishops’ College. The issue also excerpts the resolution of the Third Chinese National Christian Conference, adopted on October 13th, 1980. It also contains an interview between Oriana Fallaci and Deng Xiaoping, entitled “Cleaning up Mao’s ‘Feudal Mistakes,’” which explores the changes in China since the passing of Mao. It concludes with news vignettes on religious affairs, domestic affairs, foreign affairs, business & economy, and arts & science.

CCP China & Ourselves 22

In this issue, Ray Whitehead and Cyril Powles review Stephen Endicott’s James G. Endicott, Rebel out of China and explore the life and importance of Jim Endicott. It contains a text by EH Johnson (former Presbyterian missionary and former member of the CCP) titled “Visiting with Christians: A Number One!” that reports on his recent visit to China and its churches. It also contains a report by Theresa Chu and Ewing W. Carroll, Jr. on the subject of Catholic Developments in China. The issue also has a section with newspaper excerpts on Religious Affairs, Domestic Affairs, National Peoples Congress, Foreign Affairs, Business & Economy, and Arts & Science.

CCP China & Ourselves 21

The issue opens with an announcement of the appointment of Sr. Theresa Chu to the position of director of the Canada China Programme. The CCP discloses its correspondence with the Canadian Bible Society, expressing its concern over assumptions made by the society about China in their fundraising brochure “Meeting the Challenge of China.” The correspondence took place between Rev. Kenneth G. MacMillan (Canadian Bible Society) and Raymond L. Whitehead (Canada China Committee). Ray Whitehead also provide an account of his trip to China of May, 1980, which he made contacts with religious persons and organizations. Then, the CCP excerpts several articles regarding religious affairs in China from the Globe and Mail, the New York Times, the Mennonite Reporter, and Ta Kung Pao. A list of China’s Catholic leaders is presented, categorized by those belonging to the National Administration Commission, the College of Bishops, and the Third National Committee of the Catholic Patriotic Association. Further article excerpts are also given for topics of Arts & Culture, Foreign Affairs, and Business & Economy.